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Biological role of cytoplasmic transducin beta like related protein 1-induced proliferation and tumorigenicity in prostate cancer

American Journal of BioMedicine  Volume 2, Issue 10, pages 1127-1139 October 2014

Shu-Peng Zheng; Xiang Feng; Yi Liul


Abstract

Androgen receptor mediated transcription and function in prostate cancer and critical for prostate cell growth and  gland differentiation. Transducin beta like related protein 1 (TBLR1) primarily localizes in the nucleus in benign prostate tissue and is significantly reduced in prostate cancer. The objective of this study is investigated the role of cytoplasmic TBLR1in prostate cancer. Real-time PCR, Western blotting and immunocytochemistry were used to evaluate Transducin beta like related protein 1 (TBLR1) expression in prostate cancer cell lines and normal prostate cells, tissue samples and adjacent nontumor tissues, and in 142 paraffin-embedded specimens. Immunohistochemical analysis revealed high expression of TBLR1 in 89 of 214  paraffin-embedded archival prostate cancer. The expression level of TBLR1 was significantly increased in prostate cancer both in vivo and in vitro and correlated with clinical stage (P<0.05) and metastasis (P<0.001). Over all the study showed that the TBLR1 plays a key role in the development of prostate cancer cells and TBLR1 may be prognostic marker and a potential therapeutic target in the treatment human prostate cancer.

Keywords: Prostate cancer; Androgen receptor; TBLR1; Real-time PCR


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