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The cardioprotective potential of Tadalafil in myocardial ischemia/reperfusion

American Journal of BioMedicine  Volume 2, Issue 10, October 2014


Najah R. Hadi, Fadhil G. Al-Amran, Ali Abdulzahra Ahmed

Abstract

The objective of this study is to assess the potential protective effect of Tadalafil on myocardial ischemia reperfusion injury induced by LAD ligation, 28 male rats were randomized into 4 groups (7 rats per group); Sham, rats underwent the same anesthetic and surgical procedure except for LAD ligation; control, rats underwent LAD ligation for 30 minutes and reperfusion for 2 hours; vehicle, rats treated with 10% DMSO, the Tadalafil solvent 30 minutes before the ligation; Tadalafil group, rats pretreated with Tadalafil1mg/kg i.p 30 minutes before ligation. In control group, as compared with sham, tissue TNF-α, IL-6, IL-10, caspase-3 and BAX, plasma cTn-T and serum MDA significantly increased (P<0.05), while serum GSH significantly decreased (P<0.05). Histopathologically, control group showed a significant cardiac injury (P<0.05) compared with sham group. Tadalafil significantly counteracted (P<0.05) the increase of TNF-α, IL-6, caspase-3 and BAX and counteracted the increase in plasma cTn-T and serum MDA. Tadalafil produces a significant elevation (P<0.05) in cardiac IL-10 and serum GSH with significant reduction in (P<0.05) cardiac injury. In We concluded that Tadalafil attenuates myocardial I/R injury in male rats through interfering with inflammatory reactions and apoptosis .

Keywords: Tadalafil; LAD ligation; Ischemia/reperfusion; Apoptosis; Inflammatory reactions


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