Kevin Papsdorf; David Liao; Robert Burris
Maternal smoking is potentially a critical risk factor for a substantial burden of fetal organ development and childhood life. Despite public health advice, the prevalence of smoking during pregnancy remains high: in developed countries up to 25% of pregnant women smoke and fewer than 4% stop smoking while pregnant. It has recently been reported that if present trends continue, new cases of type 1 diabetes in European children younger than 5 years will double between 2005 and 2020, and prevalent cases younger than 15 years will rise by 70%. An interaction between genetic susceptibility and environmental factors specially smoking is thought to be involved in the aetiology of type 1 diabetes. The aim of this review was to assess the studies that investigated the relationship between maternal smoking and pancreatic dysfunction disorder mainly Diabetes Mellitus.
Keywords: Maternal moking; Diabetes Mellitus; pancreatic dysfunction; childhood life
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