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Outcome of DOTS: effectiveness assessment of treatment among tuberculosis patients in Guinea

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Bernt F. Lindtjørn¹, Wonder G. Phiri², Gillian D. Mann³*

 
 
 
Abstract

TB contributes in Guinea (PNG), significantly to the burden of disease. In 2014, the WHO estimate of incidence was 417 cases per 100,000 people. The aim of the study was to assess trends in the expansion of DOTS and treatment outcomes for tuberculosis in Guinea. Retrospective study was conducted during the 2015 and 2016, the collected data were analyzed for treatment and outcomes, and success rates. 162 TB cases were enrolled in this study. The data showed that more cases registered in the young age groups (20.4%), with 1.7:1 male to female ratio. Sputum-smear positive for AFB was 34.6%. Furthermore, cured, completed treatment, defaulter, treatment failure, died) of 56 patients are (69.6%, 9%, 16%, 3.6%, 0.0%) respectively. Our results concluded that further studies are recommended to see the impact of the DOTS programme on the prevalence and incidence of tuberculosis.

Keywords: Sputum-smear positive; DOTS; Retrospective study; Guinea

Copyright © 2017 by The American Society for BioMedicine and BM-Publisher, Inc.

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Research Article
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18081/2333-5106/017-5/231-242
American Journal of BioMedicine Volume 5, Issue 5, pages 231-242
Received January 11, 2017; accepted April 02, 2017; published May 11, 2017

How to cite this article
Lindtjørn BF, Phiri WG, GMann GD. Outcome of DOTS: effectiveness assessment of treatment among tuberculosis patients in Guinea. American Journal of BioMedicine 2017;5(5):231-242.

Case report outline
1. Abstract
2. Keywords
3. Introduction
4. Methods
5. Results
6. Discussion
7. References

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