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Obesity and overweight among childhood in France: a systematic review

 

American Journal of BioMedicine  Volume 2, Issue 12, pages1254-1265 December 2014


Dominique Charles; Lea Williams; Wayne Mann

Abstract

The childhood obesity has been a dramatic increase during the past 3 decades. The rate has more than tripled, and the current prevalence remains high among children across most age, sex, racial/ethnic, and socioeconomic groups. The search was carried out using Web of Knowledge, Pubmed, and Scopus considering articles published from February 17, 1998 until February 2, 2014 reported the prevalence of overweight/ obesity among childhood samples. Only original studies which met the eligible criteria were included in this review. Purpose of present study is to describe the prevalence and trend of overweight and obesity, as well as its co-existence with stunting, among childhood. Prevalence and odds of obesity and overweight, differentials in which were examined by bivariate and logistic regression analyses. The prevalence of overweight and obese childhood increased significantly between 1998 and 2014.Tthe prevalence of overweight and obese childhood was 35.0-48.8 (95% CI: 36.6-27.1, 48.2-52.4), and 22.3-36.7 (95% CI: 22.2-33.0, 34.9-36.8). The prevalence of overweight and obesity in France childhood were low in 1998 and there has been a rapid increase since then. If this trend continues, overweight will soon reach epidemic proportions.

Key words: Obesity; Childhood; Overweight; Prevalence


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