American Journal of BioMedicine Volume 2, Issue 8, pages 964-974
Basima Al Ghazali; Ahlam Abdul-Hussein Al-Taie; Raheem J. Hameed
Pre-eclampsia is a form of severe disorder of pregnancy, leading to maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality. Many biochemical markers of preeclampsia have been recognized in maternal serum one of them is serum albumin. The objective of this study is to determine whether plasma albumin level (ALB) is associated with preeclampsia (PE) complications and to evaluate the usefulness of its level as a marker of preeclampsia severity. The studied group were collected in the labour word. First group were normotensive as a control group, the second group with a gestational hypertension, the third group were mild preeclampsia and fourth group had sever preeclampsia. A comparison of the characteristic of each group and the correlation between serum albumin levels and gestational age at time of delivery, pregnancy complications and outcome were statistically analyzed. The results are showed that serum albumin level had statistically significant decline at (P≤0.01) in severe preeclampsia with mean level (2.618-0.328) than in mild preeclampsia (3.155-0.293) in comparison to hypertensive and control group (3.500-0.386), (4.076-1.448) respectively so there is positive correlation between serum albumin levels and severity of disease. We are concluded that serum albumin level in pre-eclampsia can be used as a significant determinant of disease severity and may be used as a useful marker for predicting time of delivery or termination of pregnancy and pregnancy outcomes.
Keywords: Pregnancy; Preeclampsia; Severe preeclampsia; Serum albumin
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