Alcohol use clearly raises the risk of cancer many times more than drinking or smoking alone. Alcohol may also limit how cells can repair damage to their DNA caused by the chemicals in tobacco. However, exactly how alcohol affects cancer risk isn’t completely understood. In fact, there are likely several different ways it can raise risk, and this might depend on the type of cancer. Total cancer mortality data from the 1990s to 2018 were collected from the Bialystok, Poland of Statistics and Cancer Council, the WHO Cancer Mortality Database. The policies with significant relations to changes in alcohol and tobacco consumption were identified in an initial model. Intervention dummies with estimated lags were then developed based on these key alcohol and tobacco policies and events and inserted into time-series models to estimate the relation of the particular policy changes with cancer mortality. The aim of this study is to examine the effectiveness of smoking and alcohol cancer outcomes.
Keywords: Alcohol; Chemicals in tobacco; Cancer
Copyright © 2021 by The American Society for BioMedicine and BM-Publisher, Inc.
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American Journal of BioMedicine Volume 9, Issue 1, pages 43-54
Received October 02, 2020; Accepted December 12, 2020; Published February 19, 2021
How to cite this article
Jiang H, Nofer L, Goepfert A. Association of alcohol and tobacco with changes in overall cancer mortality. American Journal of BioMedicine 2021;9(1):/43-54.